With a land and water area of some nine thousand square miles. New Hampshire is third in size among the New England states, forty-fourth in size in the United States. With a population of less than six hundred thousand, it is fifth among the New England states and forty-fourth in the United States. The shape of New Hampshire is that of an irregular. narrow triangle with its have to the south, its stubby tip to the north.
Among the New England state 5, it is the central state of a northern tier. The Province of Quebec is to the north, separated from New Hampshire by a winding land border. A straight-line land border on the east separates the state from its neighbor. Maine. Part of the eastern border in the south is the Atlantic Ocean, made possible by a narrow corridor to the sea be-tween Maine and Massachusetts.
The entire southern border, arrow-straight except in the extreme eastern part, is the state of Massachusetts. The winding count of the Connecticut Rivet, rising in Canada, is the western border, with Vermont on the eastern shore.
THE LAND. Except for the narrow strip of New Hampshire facing the sea in the southeast corner, most of the rest of the state is either hilly or mountainous. Ncw Hampshire’s White Mountains, which extend from the Canadian border south to well below the center of the state. are the highest. most celebrated. most impressive in New England. Among their several ranges are eight peaks over a mile high, with Mount Washington, 6.288 feet. the highest point in Ncw England. Most of the mountains are forested. cut by deep valleys or notches.
They provide New Hampshire with fine resort facilities year round. Among the mountains arc some of the finest ski slopes in the country. served by winter sports resorts that draw business from all over New England. New Hampshire has more than thir. teen hundred lakes. many of them large. The largest of them, and perhaps the most famous, is called the most beautiful lake in New England. Lake WInnlpetaiukee, with deeply cut for-ested shores and more than two hundred islands.
New Hampshire shares its principal river with Vermont to the west. It is the big Connecticut, which grows wider and more peaceful as it flows south to the Massachusetts line. Dams provide power for commercial purposes and water areas for recreation. At the crest of Mount Washington occur the highest wind velocities re-corded in any state.
CLIMATE. The climate of New Hampshire provides relatively short, cool, pleasant summers, and long, severe winters with a great deal of snow, so that some of the mountain slopes of northern New Hampshire provide good siding often until nearly June. Annual rainfall ranges from fifty inches in the mountains to about thirty-five inches in the south near the coast. Snowfall along the coast is about fifty inches a year. but in the mountains will average about a hundred and fifty inches. In Concord
the capital, in the southeast, the January average temperature is 22 degrees, the July average 70 degrees. But in Berlin, in the northern mountains, the average January temperature is 14 degrees, the average July temperature 66. Except for winter sports, the best time for a visit to New Hampshire is summer and early fall. During the fall the state is famed for brilliant autumn coloring.